MYTH #3: “Fracking has been going on for decades”

FACT: The technique causing such controversy is known as High Volume Hydraulic Fracturing (HVHF), or ‘fracking’ for short. This requires millions of gallons of fresh water, sand and chemicals, is done at very high pressure in vertical and horizontal wells, and is designed to fracture solid shale rock deep underground. It is a very different process from the long-used technique of pumping water at low pressure into conventional wells to increase the amount of oil and gas recovered. According to the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC): “Cuadrilla is so far the only operator in the UK to use High Volume hydraulic fracturing – this technique was used on the Preese Hall well in Lancashire in 2011.” (Letter Ref: TO2013/15618/RL, 20/08/13)